The Korean peninsula stretches southward from the center of the north eastern coast of Asia, encompassing a land area of approximately 220,000 km² with some 3,400 islands dotting its coastline. Korea is currently the only nation in the world that is still divided into two different political entities. South Korea has a population of 50 million, of which about 10 million live in the capital, Seoul. Over their 5,000-year history, Koreans have achieved an indigenous culture, and their unique cultural heritage can be found throughout the peninsula. Koreans have put a high value on learning and have earned a reputation for diligence and dedication. Seoul is a remarkably safe city that offers a unique cultural experience to foreign visitors and tourists.